2017 August

2017.01.08 August

TO DO
Museum of Vancouver –
Whales to Whales
Creating Healthy Communities – what is a healthy community – Ric
The Conversation – to Salish Sea
2017 Conversation to Quantum Ideas
2017 July – The network is our filter to ccn

Ric Young to Why create community and Exploring The Quantum Idea

From the media – Add

National Youth Orchestra of Canada

The Audition
Wilfred Laurier University Faculty of Music
A Chestnut Hall Production
https://livestream.com/accounts/17957904/events/7573010/videos/160267103

http://www.nyoc.org/2017tour
The Unsilent Project Development Workshop
http://www.nyoc.org/theunsilentproject

Jonathan Darlington is doing an amazing job with the orchestra and is getting a huge sound with incredible clarity.

http://www.icimusique.ca/articles/18845/webdiff-nyo

https://livestream.com/accounts/17957904/events/7573010

Our final webcast with the NYOC will be August 15th @ the Chan Centre and along with a webcast will be creating concert footage for an NFB documentary.

https://livestream.com/accounts/17957904/events/7573029

Everyone is quite happy with the live stream project to date. I think this project is without precedent and really demonstrates how we have a mastery of this technology by being able to produce extremely high quality webcasts in the finest concert halls across Canada incorporating some videos before and during the intermission to help give viewers a much deeper appreciation of the NYOC. The Canada Council has announced their guidelines for the Digital Fund. $85 million and think that we are on the leading edge of this. They should just cut a check for $20 million and save themselves some trouble!

Theatre of a new world

There is a difference between the role and the performer. The performer serves the role and the responsibility for the interests of the role. The person serves the respect and appreciation for the contribution of the role. The interests of the performer are to contribute to increasing respect and appreciation for the contribution of the role to the interests and experience of creating a new world that works for everyone.

Museum of Vancouver Leadership Change
News July 31, 2017
http://www.museumofvancouver.ca/about/news

The Board of Directors of the Museum of Vancouver announces the departure of CEO Mark Richards and his return to the UK.

During his assignment with the museum, Richards’ international expertise in museums and business transformation assisted in strengthening the museum’s vision for the future together with advancing its revitalization plan. The Board wishes Richards all the best in dealing with his family’s health issues in the UK and thanks him for sharing his international expertise with us.

A search has been launched to find a replacement CEO to lead the Museum of Vancouver as it continues to implement its strategic plan and maintain its award-winning reputation for providing quality exhibits and programs.

The Museum of Vancouver recently unveiled a new five-year strategic plan focusing on its position as a social connector, inspiring civic engagement and improving the institution’s sustainability.

The Museum of Vancouver connects Vancouverites to each other and connects Vancouver to the world. The museum’s programs, exhibitions, and collections bring people together and inspire conversation about the future. The museum, an enthusiastic civic advocate, is an independent non-profit organization dedicated to inspiring a socially connected, civically engaged city.

Jill Tipping
Chair, Board of Directors Vancouver Museum Society

My Point of View

If the Museum of Vancouver is owned by the City of Vancouver it is owned by the community served by our city government as elected and appointed custodians of our community interests.

The Museum of Vancouver is a community resource which we can leverage to increase our knowledge, understanding, and appreciation of who we are and where we are and how we got here, improve our ability to explore possibilities, ideas, and opportunities of how we might evolve from here, and create connections with one another and for one another around opportunities for creative community enterprise.

If the members of the Board are custodians of our resource and our community interests, what are our creative interests? What ideas do we have about what we can do, and what would we like to contribute to increasing the contribution of our community resource to our creative interests as a community? What part would our communities of creative interests and creative enterprise like to play in creating the story?

The City is our Museum

Creating the Story

What do we want to do with this community resource? Who could benefit from the Museum of Vancouver playing a role and contributing to exploring the past, present, and future of Vancouver and to increasing our knowledge, understanding, and appreciation of how we evolved as a city and as a community, where we are now in our creative and cultural evolution as a community, and what we imagine for the future of our city and our community and what we can do to create community around ideas about what we can do and opportunities to contribute to creating the possibilities we imagine?

Who would we like to have in the creative conversation? Who would we like to have contribute to creating the Vancouver Museum Story, – a vision for change? Who could benefit from creating a part for themselves in creating the story? What communities of common interest could benefit from becoming part of creating the story? Who would we in the creative team? Not the creative team of individuals but the creative enterprises and creative communities who could contribute to and benefit most from creating the story

If the role of a museum is to increase our knowledge, understanding, and appreciation of our world by creating and contextualizing learning experiences, what can we do to increase the contribution of the Museum of Vancouver to our common interest in increasing our knowledge, understanding, and appreciation of our city and our community?

What can we do to create learning experiences and excite creative experiences with the resources, connections, and possibilities of the Museum of Vancouver? What can we do to excite creative exploration and creative interest and creative community enterprise with our community resource? Who could be interested in contributing creative ideas, creative resources, and creative leadership to create opportunities to experience, to learn, to contribute, and to create a future for the Museum of Vancouver to contribute more to creating Vancouver as a city of the future and a creative community?

What I am doing

What I am doing is connecting the dots to create context, organize complexity, imagine the story we can create, focus on ideas about what we can do, and explore opportunities for creative enterprise, creative contribution, and creative leadership which contribute to creating the story. What I am doing is exploring what we can do to create community for our future.

What I am doing is creating the story I am imagining we can create to see who could be interested in exploring the idea of creating the story.

I am creating a community media system for our creative community.

Creating the Story
Source: The Future of Old Vancouver
Jan Sircus
from The Future of Old Vancouver
March 19, 2009
Imagineering Places by Jan Sircus- PDF
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/trudeau-loads-up-naftas-ark-with-every-species-of-critic/article35870273/
Think Vancouver – Citystudio

Story

Why

Vancouver Community Forum and Health and Housing Centres
http://www.museumofvancouver.ca/exhibitions/exhibit/c%CC%93%C9%99sna%CA%94%C9%99m-city-city
“c̓əsnaʔəm: the city before the city aims at ‘righting history’ by creating a space for Musqueam to share their knowledge, culture and history and to highlight the community’s role in shaping the City of Vancouver.”
Musqueam Native Roots
The Vienna Model
http://www.museumofvancouver.ca/exhibitions/exhibit/vienna-model-housing-21st-century-city
Vancouver is consistently ranked alongside the Vienna as one of the world’s most livable cities. Vienna has a stable housing market, with 60% of the population living in municipally built, owned, or managed housing. By comparison, Vancouver is undergoing a housing crisis. Vienna’s housing history and policies provides alternative approaches for British Columbia.
As Vancouver embarks upon a community engagement process revolving around housing, The Vienna Model expands discussion about urban planning options and encourages dialogue and debate on the future of the city.
https://www.eventbrite.ca/e/connect-catalyzing-a-social-movement-tickets-29038663424
On Thursday, December 8, the City of Vancouver, Vancouver Coastal Health and Metro Vancouver are presenting CONNECT: Catalyzing a Social Movement, an action-oriented forum aimed at sharing tools, research and practice related to the impact our built and social environments have on social connection.
CONNECT brings together community champions, regional stakeholders, and systems builders to explore the impact we can collectively have on connection and belonging. The forum launches a series of events aiming to energize a movement around social connectedness in the Metro Vancouver region.
When: December 8 from 12 noon until 9:00 pm
Where: Museum of Vancouver
Media Literacy
Exploring the relationship between creative exploration and media literacy

From I to we

What now? How do I want to spend my time, – as an experience, as an enterprise, – as a contribution?

Ric Young

Creating Healthy Communities

“The greatest social need we have is the need for community.
The greatest longing we have is the longing for community.
The greatest opportunity for change is by creating communities.
The greatest resource we have lies in our communities”
Ric Young
E.Y.E Enterprises

Ric Young, a member of Ecotrust Canada’s board of directors and President of E.Y.E, a Toronto-based agency specializing in strategies that promote social change, gave a talk to board members and staff on December 1, 2008 on social innovation, that is, the process by which even small groups of people and organizations can effect transformative change in society.

Young has been the architect of numerous campaigns for change and social innovation projects in areas ranging from health, environmental sustainability and ethics in sport, to citizen engagement, corporate social responsibility, community development and global humanitarian relief. What follows is a short summary of Young’s presentation and our discussion held at BCIT in downtown Vancouver.

On social innovation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cenqnXRwGBs

Why Ecotrust?

Why Ecotrust Canada?

On social innovation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cenqnXRwGBs

Ric Young, founder of The Social Projects Studio and Distinguished Visiting Professor of Social Innovation at Ryerson University, is recognized as one of Canada’s leading practitioners and thinkers in the field of social change. As a practitioner, he has committed his career over the past 25 years to advancing innovative approaches to social change.

He cut his teeth on the early stages of the PARTICIPaction campaign, and was the co-founder of Canada’s first dedicated social marketing agency. He left that company in the mid-90s to start The Social Projects Studio – a company focused on transformational social innovation. Working with government, non-government, corporate and community leaders, he has been the architect of numerous initiatives to address some of society’s most complex and pressing challenges.

As a thought leader, Ric’s personal mission is to “change change” – that is, to foster new mindsets and skill-sets to enable society to tackle the transformational challenges of our time in constructive new ways. He has written and lectured extensively on the nature of change, transformational leadership, civic engagement and the centrality of narrative in the pursuit of 21st century well-being.

In 2002, he forged a partnership between DuPont Canada and McGill University to create one of the world’s first social innovation think tanks. In his foreword to Getting To Maybe, the best-selling book that came out of that think tank, he wrote: “We are living at a point in history when the need and desire for change is profound…It is a pivotal time. Over the past two hundred years, human society has developed exceptional competencies and systems for the task of making things. Going forward, we must become equally adept at the task of making change.”

The primary focus of Ric’s work now is The Boldness Project, an initiative he has developed to advance the possibility and practice of bold change.

Ric serves on the boards of Ecotrust Canada and Right To Play (Canada). He is a fellow of The Royal Society of Arts and a Quadrangle Member of Massey College. He was awarded The Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal in recognition of his contributions to society. And he was recently adopted as a respected elder by the Maasai tribe.
http://www.ryerson.ca/fcs/people/visiting-professors/ric-young/
http://stonehousesummit.com/eric-%C2%A0ric-young

Social Projects Studio

The Observations

Social innovation has many meanings but what I want to talk about is transformative effect, ways to address the major social challenges we are faced with now and where we are trying to have a large scale effect rather than incremental improvements.

Where we are

There is a lot of important new science that is helping us understand complex systems in a way that we never have before.

There is new technology and new media that allows us to see patterns in the way people organize and the way ideas move that we never had a way of seeing before.

There is new energy in this field with everyone trying to figure out how to do social change which is bringing new personalities into the field, – people who are addicted to success rather than to problems and whose experience is the experience of success.

There is new urgency and with the kinds of challenges we face now demand we need to be very, very effective at trying to find different models and different pathways to some degree of success.

What we are learning

A belief that if we could have an effect on an idea that is inside an individuals head and if we could get to enough individuals through the media that we could have a large scale effect because that effect would be additive We would get a lot of people who would start thinking the way we want them to think and behave the way we wanted them to behave. But change did not seem to be happening that way.

Hunches

That the work we are about is transformative

Problems are by nature complex. The kinds of things we are dealing and want to have an effect upon have a lot of interdependent variables. This means we have to see systems and see solutions in terms of systems design.

The real social change we want to see in the world will never be accomplished with single organizations but by collaborations and we now have fifty years or so of management science to tell us how organizations work but we don’t know much about how collaborations work. There are a lot of people that talk about collaboration but I see collaboration as a value, not a competency.

There are not many people who know about how we create sustainable high impact collaborative enterprise and it is hard to do.

Social innovation is not simply for the social sector and not for the entire social sector.
It is for those players who are very serious about having large scale effect. There is a quality, a culture, an organizational culture, a personality that says we actually want to bring about a large scale effect. This kind of work is meant for, and appeals to, and makes sense to those who are interested in problem solving rather than problem serving. Problem serving and problem solving involve different orientations and competencies.

Organizing complexity with systems thinking
Need the language and constructs of systems of systems

Hunches,

What we need

There has to be a pretty significant idea of what we want to accomplish

Tell me what you want
Need to be able to describe what the change is

We have to have some idea of the system we are in to and map out some of the key factors and forces in that system

Have some idea of how you think the change is going to happen

What do we think this process of emergence is going to look like?

Have a band of conspirators who believe that change is possible

We need to have a startup strategy that tells us where to begin

Adaptive management capacity to be able to learn from what is happening and respond to what is happening and make changes to your plans and competencies in response to what is happening

A supportive culture within the enterprise, within the community, within the society

People who don’t believe in change, who are not willing to support the risks of speaking or doing – put yourself out on what you believe is possible and what you think is viable

Or we can not have the kind of entrepreneurial and creative energy needed to bring this about

FROM

END RIC

Whales

The sooner we get our youth involved in the conversation the greater our chances of creating a future for our natural and creative resources. The sooner we give our leaders of tomorrow opportunities to excite creative conversation the greater our possibilities of creating possibilities for tomorrow.

What can we learn from watching our whales? What can we learn from watching our community watching our whales?

What do we see when we watch? What do we learn when we watch? What are we learning from watching whales? What can we learn? What could we benefit from learning?

Who has an interest in whales?

Whales and science
Whales and salmon
Whales and pollution
Whales and toxicity
Whales and relationships

Exploring the relationship between creating a future for our killer whales and creating a future for our world, – our resources, – our economy, – our health, – our humanity, – our community.

Pacific Biological Station, Department of Fisheries and Oceans
Vancouver Aquarium
Stubbs Island Whale Watching
West Coast Whale Research Foundation
Eathwatch
The Whale Museum
Parks Canada
Langara Fishing Lodge
Confidence Foundation
Island Foundation

Cetus Research and Conservation Society
http://cetussociety.org/marine-stewardship-programs/straitwatch/

Creating community around our common resource, – creating possibilities for the future of the Salish Sea

END WHALES

The Conversation Canada
The Salish Sea

Creating community around our common resource, – creating possibilities for the future of the Salish Sea

The South Pacific has the highest density of plastic debris reported anywhere on the planet, a new study has found. The study’s lead author, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies Dr. Jennifer Lavers, estimated that more than 17 tonnes of plastic debris has washed up on Henderson Island, with more than 3,570 new pieces of litter arriving every day on one beach alone. It is estimated that there are nearly 38 million pieces of plastic on the island. Plastics pose a major threat to seabirds and other animals, and most never break down – they just break up. Every piece of petrochemical-derived plastic ever made still exists on the planet.

Jennifer Lavers and Alexander Bond
from Plastic Island – Film

from The Story Behind the ‘South Pacific Island of Rubbish’
From pristine paradise to rubbish dump: the same Pacific island, 23 years apart.
The Tyee, 2017.07.19

Jennifer Lavers is a research scientist at the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania. Alexander Bond is senior conservation scientist at the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.

http://www.imas.utas.edu.au/imas
The Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS) is an internationally recognised centre of excellence at the University of Tasmania.

Strategically located at the gateway to the Southern Ocean and Antarctica, our research spans these key themes:

fisheries and aquaculture;
ecology and biodiversity;
oceans and cryosphere

With collaborative partners across the globe, we deliver our research to users across governments, industries, institutions, and communities. We educate and mentor the next generation of world leaders in science, technology, and policy through competitive and rigorous university programs.

https://ww2.rspb.org.uk/our-work/
giving nature a home
Since we started on our mission in 1889, the threats to nature have continued to grow, but we have grown to meet them too. We’re now the largest nature conservation charity in the country, consistently delivering successful conservation, forging powerful new partnerships with other organisations and inspiring others to stand up and give nature the home it deserves.
https://ww2.rspb.org.uk/about-the-rspb/

The Conversation
https://theconversation.com/this-south-pacific-island-of-rubbish-shows-why-we-need-to-quit-our-plastic-habit-77860

This South Pacific island of rubbish shows why we need to quit our plastic habit
The Conversation 2017.05.16

The Conversation Canada

The Conversation Canada launched in June 2017. The Conversation is an independent source of news and views, from the academic and research community, delivered direct to the public.

Our team of professional editors work with experts to unlock their knowledge for use by the wider public.

Access to independent, high-quality, authenticated, explanatory journalism underpins a functioning democracy. Our aim is to allow for better understanding of current affairs and complex issues. And hopefully allow for a better quality of public discourse and conversations.

We have introduced new protocols and controls to help rebuild trust in journalism. All authors and editors sign up to our Editorial Charter. And all contributors must abide by our Community Standards policy. We only allow authors to write on a subject on which they have proven expertise, which they must disclose alongside their article. Authors’ funding and potential conflicts of interest must be disclosed. Failure to do so carries a risk of being banned from contributing to the site.

The Conversation started in Melbourne, Victoria, and the innovative technology platform and development team is based in the university and research precinct of Carlton.

Our Canadian Newsroom is based in Toronto. We also have editors in Vancouver, and our team is part of a global newsroom able to share content across sites and around the world.

We believe in open access and the free-flow of information. The Conversation is a free resource: free to read (we’ll never go behind a paywall), and free to share or republish under Creative Commons. All you need to do is follow our simple guidelines. We have also become an indispensable media resource: providing free content, ideas and talent to follow up for press, web, radio or TV.

https://theconversation.com/ca/who-we-are

About The Conversation

A university, covering a universe of subjects is not that different to a news room. The university campus is like a virtual newsroom, with the faculty of business, of science, the arts, the environment, politics, and so on, and within that there are specialists who have spent an entire career looking at a subject within the university and within their networks internationally, making it possible to tap into the world’s global knowledge network.

The university is a knowledge creator and knowledge disseminator. The opportunity is to use our journalistic and knowledge dissemination abilities to get knowledge out to our worlds in a way that is safe and credible.

The university can provide more understanding and context for information about what is happening and also offer some potential solutions. We have the opportunity to find ways for academics and journalists to work together where we can try to understand complexity and offer something more, – better integrity of information so everyone can have better conversations and contribute to the needs of a better functioning and more democratic society.

Codes of conduct

Expertise, – playing a part
Full disclosure – who are you and what is your enterprise what and whose interests do we represent and are interested ion contributing to and pursuing
Free from the
Independence and diversity of views

END THE CONVERSATION CANADA

Social media got us into this mess
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/social-media-got-us-into-a-mess-can-it-get-us-out-of-it/article35684135/

Salish Sea
http://www.ptarmigansociety.org/
http://www.ptarmigansociety.org/contact

Creative Vancouver
http://www.vlacc.ca/about

Community Trade Centre
http://www.vivatravelguides.com/central-america/mexico/the-pacific-south/oaxaca/oaxaca-activities/the-womens-cooperative/

Creating our learning systems
https://www.wired.com/insights/2014/01/learning-revolution-education/
The Learning Revolution: It’s Not About Education | WIRED
https://www.wired.com/1994/07/negroponte-4/
Learning by Doing: Don’t dissect the frog, build it | WIRED

Thursday, August 4, 2016 – 7:00pm
Portland Singer-Songwriter Steve Greenwood has been a frequent visitor to Pender Island over the past 35 years and has spent summer 2016 on the island, working on some new material. He is giving a “Thank You, Pender Island” concert August 4, accompanied by some special guest Pender Island musicians. $5 suggested donation at the door.
The studio at Hope Bay

Creative Canada 150
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/canadian-inventions-go-unsung-in-our-daily-lives/article35516626/

The Watchlist – Live reviews

THE WATCHLIST

Creative Canada
Ric Young
http://www.ryerson.ca/fcs/people/visiting-professors/ric-young/
Published To Writers and Ideas and Creative storytelling

Creative British Columbia
https://thetyee.ca/News/2017/07/05/BC-Oil-Gas-Wells-Leaking/

Theatre of the new world
https://chatbotslife.com/how-socialbots-are-attention-jacking-machines-419974eaa4d6

Studio

Studio

The Forgotten East End

Future of Museums
https://www.perlanmuseum.is/en/about-perlan-museum/
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/imml/hd_imml.htm
Timeline of Art History – Essays
http://www.metmuseum.org/art/online-features
Online features

Art of Reconciliation
https://canada150plus.ca/about.html
https://canada150plus.ca/drum-is-calling-festival.html

The idea of Canada
https://beta.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/julie-payette-embodies-the-modern-governor-general-as-a-canadian-symbol/article35688537/?ref=https:/

Creating Healthy Communities
Creative British Columbia

Healing Cities Institute

Remains of August

Andrew Coyne: The answer to left-wing identity politics is not right-wing identity politics

https://beta.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/the-bridges-canada-must-build-right-here-at-home/article36088209/?ref=http://www.theglobeandmail.com&

What I am doing

I am exploring common sense for good sense, – what makes sense. Exploring what makes common sense about how things are and how things work to explore for what makes good sense to do.

If we want to explore what makes common sense and what makes good sense with each other and for each other in our creative community, – does this make sense?

Pender Island
2017.08.26

Creative Music Community

Vancouver Choral Community – exploring the choral experience

Who is in our community of interest?

Who would like to tell their story and contribute their point of view?

Who would like to explore ideas about how we could excite more interest in exploring the choral experience and increasing our contribution to the creative experience of our community?

The creative experience is a creative connection that excites new appreciation, new insights, new ideas, new imagination, new interests, new initiatives, new enterprise, and new experiences.

Pender Island
2017.08.27

Reality

The only reality we have is the reality of our experience as we see our experience from our point of view, from the point of view of others, and from our common points of view. We all have different realities.
We create connections with our common points of view, common experiences, common ideas, and common interests. We create community with our contributions to our creative interests.

The reality is we have no control over our experience, – over our reality, – only how we choose to see, think, and feel about our experience and what we choose to do to create with our experience to contribute to creating the reality we are imagining for our selves, – our reality, – our story, – our creative experience. Life is a creative experience.

Think Vancouver
Vancouver Housing

http://www.scmp.com/property/hong-kong-china/article/2106852/three-out-10-hk-flats-under-construction-are-now-mini-flats

Hello,
I have received a few responses to my previous communication on this subject with you.

My response: Thanks for your responses
I have been to HK a few times, (but not recently) and have noted that many of their housing high rises are slabs, not towers, even though they are high rise. So 20 units per floor is not surprising. I found it fascinating how they still seem to pay attention to design guidelines that we are familiar with regarding daylight, sunlight, privacy, even views, although the constraints at those densities are significant! At densities reaching 9 FAR that still means lots of compromising. And, of course, the higher you go the wider the floor plate can become and it will still look like a tower!

As apartments get smaller (inevitably?) and densities get greater (inevitably?) and central areas get more “lively” (inevitably?), our (?) concept of “home” is changing rapidly too. I wonder what choices we have?

It would be fascinating and helpful for many people to be able to see a comparative, objective analysis of the high density residential developments in Vancouver, with the good and bad impacts honestly identified. The analysis would include both the buildings themselves and the relationship between buildings and the surroundings i.e. neighbourliness. It would also identify the needed public amenities. The analysis could also conclude with an overall summary assessment identifying how well the project contributed to our local housing needs. A five star ranking would probably not be awarded to an expensive, foreign-ownership-directed, architecturally iconic building. Such a comparative, publicly available evaluation has not been undertaken. An informative review of successful high density development occurring across the world would also be informative. That would be a good thing for the City’s revamped Design Studio to produce and have it available for the public, UDI, AIBC, PIBC and BCSLA. it would be such an aid to overall design opinions for everyone concerned. An informative review of successful high density development occurring across the world would also be informative.

While we would hope such an activity would be a public service that the City would naturally make publicly available, failing that perhaps the Urbanarium could undertake it?

Hive and SFU
Youth are key to shaping a city for all
https://www.cityhive.ca/about/

City Conversations – September 7 Special Edition
The Housing Crunch: Millennials Finding Creative Solutions
SFU City Conversations visits Nemesis Coffee in SFU’s new Charles Chang Innovation Centre at the corner of Hastings and Hamilton Streets. Nemesis will be opening early at 7:30 AM, providing drinks and treats for purchase.

Then at 8:00 AM, spend an hour discussing solutions to the Vancouver region’s most pressing issues with presenters Tesicca Truong and Veronika Bylicki, founders of CityHive, and Katelyn McDougall, Public Engagement Coordinator at the City of New Westminster.

The conversation will begin with a spotlight on some of the most creative (and most realistic) youth-led solutions to the housing crunch, but will broaden to allow our presenters and participants to discuss how creative thinking can be applied elsewhere to solve problems facing transportation, planning, and democratic institutions.